Main articles: Strangeland album and Strangeland Tour. Main article: The Best of Keane. Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Keane. Main article: Keane discography. Retrieved 5 October Retrieved 27 September Official Charts Company.
Retrieved 18 September Archived from the original on 4 August Retrieved 5 August Press Office. Retrieved 27 July Retrieved 7 August Retrieved 19 August Q magazine. Archived from the original on 13 October Retrieved 24 May Retrieved 10 June Archived from the original on 18 June Retrieved 22 July Archived from the original on 12 June Retrieved 7 July Retrieved 16 September Retrieved 12 September Retrieved 4 August Retrieved 19 September Archived from the original on 21 August Retrieved 18 April Retrieved 4 November BBC News.
Retrieved 10 September Retrieved 10 May Retrieved 25 May USA Today. American tour". Archived from the original on 7 October Retrieved 8 September Retrieved 26 August Archived from the original Video on 16 March Retrieved 14 March Retrieved 4 July New York Post.
Archived from the original on 9 April Retrieved 5 April Archived from the original on 13 July Retrieved 14 December Retrieved 29 March Digital Spy. Retrieved 9 April Rolling Stone. Retrieved 13 March Retrieved 13 April Retrieved 28 March Universal Music. Retrieved 11 May Retrieved 3 May Virgin Media. Archived from the original on 20 August Archived from the original on 19 December Archived from the original on 21 October Retrieved 18 January Retrieved 22 December Archived from the original on 5 March Rye and Battle Observer.
Retrieved 26 March Retrieved 15 July Archived from the original on 11 October Retrieved 28 June The Daily Telegraph. July The Best of Keane. You may have heard about a technique for "restoring" NiCds often referred to as "Zapping. The surge of energy should be limited - often, a "zapper" consists of a very large capacitor 50, tomicrofarads charged to volts, the source voltage disconnected, and the energy of this capacitor is dumped into a cell via a very heavy switch or a beefy SCR.
This "one shot" short burst prevents too much energy from being dissipated by the cell and blowing it and the person Almost see you (somewhere) - Various - 1st 1/4 1995 (CD) the "zapping" up.
Needless to say, neither situation especially the latter is particularly desirable. What is supposed to happen in this process is that enough energy applied to "fuse" or blow away the dendrite that is shorting or "almost" shorting the cell.
Once this low-resistance path is removed, the cell can be charged again. It should be kept in mind that such a "repaired" cell, although it may be more able to take a charge than before, will still have reduced capacity and, when used in a battery, is still very prone to discharging early and going into reversal - again. Finally, while you may get some additional use out of a battery as a result of "zapping" - I personally consider that "zapping" a cell may simply be buying me enough time to get replacements ordered and on their way.
Why do they make this recommendation, then? The other side of me would guess that the person writing these instructions is just poorly informed or just doesn't know any better. What can you do about this? At first glance, it would seem that NiMH cells are just "better" versions of NiCd cells as they have the following advantages:. A lot of NiCd cells "die" due to cell reversal see above and the resultant effects while NiMH cells do not readily form dendrite shorts when they go into reversal.
The resultant loss of gas means Almost see you (somewhere) - Various - 1st 1/4 1995 (CD) loss of electrolyte material and a subsequent loss of capacity and the resulting heat can cause internal damage to the cell.
Even without loads, all cells slowly lose their charge over time as the cell's chemistry slowly changes. In all cases, the rate of self-discharge increases dramatically as temperature also increases. Please note that these rates are typical published specifications by various manufacturers and, in the case of rechargeable cells, represent the sort of performance that may be expected from new cells.
In general, independent testing has shown that the manufacturers' specifications concerning self-discharge are more-or-less in line with what is actually observed. Also, reduction of self-discharge is one of those parameters on which the manufacturers are continually improving.
As can be seen, the clear winners are the non-rechargeable types. The two cheapest are the alkaline and Zinc Chloride the "heavy duty" types and these do a respectable job of retaining their capacity over time. Ahead of the pack are the non-rechargeable Lithium types The Lithium-Iron Disulfite and the Lithium Manganese Oxide and these two chemistries also perform better than the others even when they are very cold.
The worst of the bunch is clearly the NiMH cell, which could easily be found dead after having been left in a vehicle for a month during the summer if you have hot summers, that is It is certainly worth repeating that NiMH cells are NOT the proper choice for your car flashlight, for example, or even for any item that is left idle for months at a time and is then expected to work such as an emergency radio.
What about putting batteries in the freezer to "keep" them? For the non-rechargeable types, it can be seen that freezing them will certainly slow the self-discharge rates, but if you plan to use them within a year or two, you'll probably not see any real difference in longevity of those stored in your freezer and those simply kept at room temperature. At this time the self-discharge rate of these types of cells over their lifetime is unknown.
It depends. For optimal cell lifetime and performance under ideal conditions, the answer is probably no. For "good" performance that is, where overall lifetime and charge capacity will probably exceed that of NiCd cells the answer is likely yes - as long as a few rules are observed:.
Alkaline Cell quality: More recently, very inexpensive cells of various types have been appearing on the market made by companies that may be unfamiliar, or may be "re-branded" with the store's name on them. A number of people have written in saying that, in general, these "cheap" cells have proven to have about the same capacity as their more expensive name-brand counterparts. One interesting side-note, however, is that the reported "dud" rate cells that were already dead or seemed to have suffered badly from self-discharge seems slightly higher for these "cheap" cells than the name-brand cells.
Even amongst those who have experienced this, they generally agree that even with the odd "dud" the "cheap" cells are still a better bargain than their more expensive counterparts - if you are able to identify the potential "duds" before you intend to use them. If you are planning to store cells in an emergency kit of some sort but not stored in the equipment itself!
I would recommend that you use known-good brand named cells and relegate the "cheap" cells to everyday use where finding the occasional bad cell would be only an inconvenience! It somewhat irks me that the appliance manufacturer's recommendation i. From an environmental perspective this means that devices are disposed of that otherwise have nothing wrong with them, and the Cadmium a toxic heavy metal often finds its way illegally into public landfills - and maybe into your drinking water.
Do you have any comments or questions? Send an email. Please note that the information on this page is believed to be accurate, but there are no warranties, expressed or implied. The author cannot take responsibility for any damage or injury that might result from actions taken or not taken as a result of reading this page. Your mileage may vary.
Do not taunt happy fun ball. The Floaty-Thingie web page - This device maintains the charge on NiMH cells that you may have laying around to keep them gently charged - a useful tool to counteract their tendency to run themselves down during non-use.
Does not include Lithium-Ion cells - see above. The following manufacturers have web sites about their batteries, Almost see you (somewhere) - Various - 1st 1/4 1995 (CD), including data sheets:.
Copyright by Clint Turner. Almost see you (somewhere) - Various - 1st 1/4 1995 (CD) would one use Alkaline cells at all? By comparison, a fairly new NiMH cell will, through self-discharge, reached this same level after just 20 days. In other words, don't use NiMH cells in items that you plan to store in your vehicle - or anywhere where they may be allowed to sit for months at a time!
That is, don't put them in your emergency radio! Philips has stated that such discs are not permitted to bear the trademarked Compact Disc Digital Audio logo because they violate the Red Book specifications. Numerous copy-protection systems have been countered by readily available, often free, software, or even by simply turning off automatic AutoPlay to prevent the running of the DRM executable program.
After the fall in popularity of CDs, old discs or failed CD-R have been repurposed, since the reflections of the sun on a moving plate may scare birds. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Compact Disc. The readable surface of a compact disc includes a spiral track wound tightly enough to cause light to diffract into a full visible spectrum. Optical disc Optical disc drive Optical disc authoring Authoring software Recording technologies Recording modes Packet writing Burst cutting area.
Optical media types. See also. History of optical storage media High-definition optical disc format war. This section needs additional citations for verification. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
May Learn how and when to remove this template message. A polycarbonate disc layer has the data encoded by using bumps. A shiny layer reflects the laser. A layer of lacquer protects the shiny layer. Artwork is screen printed on the top of the disc. A laser beam reads the CD and is reflected to a sensor, which converts it into electronic data.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Main article: Compact Disc Digital Audio. Main article: Super Audio CD. Main article: Video CD. Main article: Super Video CD. Main article: Photo CD. Main article: Philips CD-i. Main article: CD-i Ready. Main article: Blue Book CD standard. Main article: VinylDisc. Main article: CD manufacturing. Main article: CD-R. Main article: CD-RW.
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